Download Universelle Frauenrechte und islamisches Recht: Zur by Sina Fontana PDF

By Sina Fontana

Die Vereinbarkeit von universellen Menschenrechten und islamischem Recht wird vielfach pauschal verneint. Am Beispiel der Frauenrechte geht Sina Fontana der Frage nach, ob es strukturell möglich ist, die sich aus den internationalen Menschenrechtsabkommen ergebenen Verpflichtungen auch in solchen Ländern in das nationale Recht umzusetzen, die eine vom islamischen Recht geprägte Rechtsordnung aufweisen. Ausgehend von dem islamischen Menschenrechtsverständnis wird aufgezeigt, ob das Agieren der islamisch geprägten Staaten im internationalen Menschenrechtsdiskurs ein Bekenntnis zu den internationalen Menschenrechten und einen grundsätzlichen Umsetzungswillen erkennen lassen. Anhand einer Betrachtung ausgewählter Staaten untersucht die Autorin, inwieweit diese die Interpretationsoffenheit der islamischen Rechtsdogmatik nutzen, um eine menschenrechtskonforme Anpassung der Scharia vorzunehmen.

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Download Constitutional Morality and the Rise of Quasi-Law by Bruce P. Frohnen PDF

By Bruce P. Frohnen

americans are governed by means of an unwritten structure inclusive of govt orders, signing statements, and different quasi-laws designed to reform society, Bruce Frohnen and George Carey argue. for this reason, the structure not capacity what it says to the folk it really is imagined to govern and the govt. not acts based on the rule of thumb of law.

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Download Canada's Indigenous Constitution by John Borrows PDF

By John Borrows

Canada's Indigenous Constitution displays at the nature and assets of legislation in Canada, starting with the conviction that the Canadian felony process has helped to engender the excessive point of wealth and safety loved through humans around the kingdom. despite the fact that, longstanding disputes in regards to the origins, legitimacy, and applicability of convinced features of the felony process have led John Borrows to argue that Canada's structure is incomplete with out a broader attractiveness of Indigenous felony traditions.

With attribute richness and eloquence, John Borrows explores felony traditions, the position of governments and courts, and the chance of a multi-juridical felony tradition, all to be able to knowing and bettering criminal methods in Canada. He discusses where of people, households, and groups in convalescing and lengthening the function of Indigenous legislations inside either Indigenous groups and Canadian society extra broadly.

This is a big paintings by means of considered one of Canada's top criminal students, and a necessary better half to Drawing Out legislation: A Spirit's Guide.

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Download Wandel des klassischen Polizeirechts zum neuen by Park Byungwoog PDF

By Park Byungwoog

Von der Antike bis hin zu den neuzeitlichen Staatstheorien wird unter dem Stichwort "Recht auf Schutz" die vom Staat zu gewährleistende Sicherheit als fundamentale und staatslegitimierende Funktion angesehen. Allerdings weicht der vormalige Standpunkt des liberalen Rechtsstaats - orientiert an Freiheit und Autonomie des Einzelnen - von der Idee des modernen Sicherheits- bzw. Präventionsstaats ab, der primär auf Sicherheit und Effizienz der Schadensverhinderung setzt. Beide Standpunkte kollidieren häufig, schließen sich aber gegenseitig nicht aus.
Aufgrund der verstärkt auftretenden internationalen und organisierten shape des Terrors und der Kriminalität erscheint es nunmehr vertretbar, dass Sicherheitsbehörden im Rahmen der vorbeugenden Bekämpfung von Straftaten Maßnahmen ergreifen. Da sich diese in dem der konkreten Gefahr vorgelagerten Bereich befinden, erfordern sie eine deutliche Modifizierung des klassischen Gefahr- und Störerbegriffs, denn die bisherige Auslegung, die auf der Grundlage des konkreten Gefahrbegriffs basierte, entspricht nicht mehr den Anforderungen moderner Gefahrenvorsorge.
Der Autor hat sich, vor dem Hintergrund der Online-Durchsuchungspraxis als Beispiel einer vorsorglichen polizeilichen Aktivität zur Gefahrvermeidung, mit den modernen polizeirechtlichen Maßstäben und deren verfassungsrechtlicher Rechtfertigung bei staatlichen Informationseingriffen auseinandergesetzt. Dabei konstatiert er, dass im Vorfeld einer konkreten Gefahr planerische bzw. operative Aspekte mehr als noch im klassischen Polizeirecht Platz gegriffen haben und sich damit die Gefahrprävention als unerlässliche Aufgabe des Rechtsstaats ausweitet.

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Download Bills of Rights (The International Library of Essays on by Mark Tushnet PDF

By Mark Tushnet

This assortment examines the excuses for utilizing money owed of rights to guard primary human rights and the mechanisms for implementing provisions in these records. Articles take care of diversified types of judicial enforcement and with legislative enforcement, of rights safe via such files. the gathering contains a road-map for comparing the effectiveness of those substitute enforcement mechanisms.

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Download Race on Trial: Law and Justice in American History by Annette Gordon-Reed PDF

By Annette Gordon-Reed

This booklet of twelve unique essays will compile issues of yank tradition: legislation and race. The essays fall into 4 teams: circumstances which are necessary to the heritage of race in the USA; circumstances that illustrate the therapy of race in American heritage; instances of serious repute that turned the pains of the century in their time; and situations that made very important legislations. the various instances mentioned comprise Amistad, Dred Scott, Plessy v. Ferguson, Scottsboro, Korematsu v. US, Brown v. Board, Loving v. Virginia, Regents v. Bakke, and OJ Simpson. All illustrate how race usually decided the result of trials, and the way trials that confront problems with racism offer a special lens on American cultural historical past. circumstances contain African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Caucasians. participants contain a mixture of junior and senior students in legislation colleges and historical past departments.

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Download Self-Constitution of European Society: Beyond EU politics, by Ji?í P?ibá? PDF

By Ji?í P?ibá?

contemporary social and political advancements within the european have essentially proven the profound structural adjustments in ecu society and its politics. Reflecting on those advancements and responding to the prevailing physique of educational literature and scholarship, this ebook severely discusses the rising concept of eu constitutionalism, its kinds and assorted contextualization in theories of ecu legislation, basic jurisprudence, sociology of legislations, political concept and sociology. The members handle diverse difficulties on the topic of the connection among the constitutional kingdom and non-state constitutionalizations and severely examine basic theories of constitutional monism, dualism and pluralism and their juridical and political makes use of within the context of ecu constitutionalism. person chapters emphasize the significance of interdisciplinary and socio-legal equipment within the present examine of european constitutionalism and their strength to re-conceptualize and re-think conventional difficulties of constitutional topics, dilemma and separation of energy, political symbolism and id politics in Europe. This assortment at the same time describes the ecu and its self-constitution as one polity, differentiated society and shared group and its participants conceptualize the feel of universal identification and team spirit within the context of the post-sovereign multitude of ecu society.

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Download Gender Quotas in South America's Big Three: National and by Adriana Piatti-Crocker,Gregory D. Schmidt,Clara Araujo PDF

By Adriana Piatti-Crocker,Gregory D. Schmidt,Clara Araujo

Since the go back of democracy to Latin the United States, guidelines meant to advertise the inclusion of ladies and different underrepresented teams were more and more followed during the zone. Gender quotas were probably the most renowned and potent mechanisms hired in elections and different contexts in Latin the United States. This quantity starts off with an advent to gender quotas, together with dialogue of the categories and benefits of gender quotas, replacement techniques to the examine of quotas, and their interactions with other forms of electoral structures.

Successive chapters learn the adoption of gender quotas and their affects within the 3 biggest South American international locations through area—Argentina, Brazil, and Peru—at either nationwide and subnational degrees. those chapters additionally concentrate on particular subject matters that stand out within the particular reports of those nations: significant illustration when it comes to Argentina, gender and crusade finance in terms of Brazil, and neighborhood modifications within the effect of electoral ideas relating to Peru. via cautious research, this quantity offers a nuanced photograph of ways forms of electoral structures could impact the election of girls and the effectiveness of quotas.

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Download Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America: Race, by Anne Richardson Oakes PDF

By Anne Richardson Oakes

This assortment engages with present concerns on equivalent safety within the united states, as obvious from the views of prime teachers during this zone. individuals with various views interrogate the felony, theoretical and actual assumptions which form case legislations and examine the level to which they satisfactorily deal with modern matters with social hierarchies and norms. Divided into 5 elements, the examine focusses at the connections among equivalent defense jurisprudence, discrimination in its modern manifestations, the consequences of identification politics and the ethical and political conceptualizations of equality that characterize the parameters of dialogue. Drawing on historic research and disciplinary insights of the social sciences, the publication bridges the distance among idea and perform. the subjects awarded and analyses constructed are between essentially the most contentious presently in the United States, and should be of curiosity not only to attorneys and criminal teachers, but in addition to inter-disciplinary social technological know-how researchers, together with sociologists, economists and political scientists.

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Download Living Dangerously: The Uncertainties of Presidential by James M. Ronan PDF

By James M. Ronan

Ask the typical American who takes over within the occasion anything occurs to the President of the USA, and you’re prone to obtain the proper solution. despite the fact that, what approximately succession past the vice presidency? thankfully, our state has a longtime line of presidential succession that's intended to make sure continuity within the nation’s maximum workplace. regrettably, there are a number of primary flaws within the model.

This paintings starts off via analyzing the attention-grabbing background of presidential incapacity and succession, a topic that has impacted our nation’s maximum workplace because the very starting. After highlighting the reoccurring nature of this challenge, it then presents an research of the alarming country of our present incapacity and succession instructions, a lot of that are dangerously outmoded, specifically by way of the specter of terrorism. It then explores those flaws, particularly the obtrusive difficulties linked to together with participants of Congress within the line of succession. in addition to questions relating suitability and preparedness, statistics detailing the partisan composition of Congress during the last half-century illustrate unexpected shift in social gathering keep an eye on of the presidency isn't just attainable, yet likely.

Finally, it concludes by means of highlighting an inherent flaw in a line of succession within which each member is found in a single small zone that occurs to be the main appealing aim for a would-be terrorist.

While the problems explored during this paintings were current for greater than a half-century, the combo of an elevated partisan divide among the administrative and legislative branches, in addition to the hazards of terrorist assault, mix to require instant motion.

Just because the commonplace American can be shocked to find the Speaker of the home stands moment within the line of succession, they'd most probably be surprised on the power for chaos and confusion which can spread in a conflict for the presidency. as a result, it is extremely vital to handle those issues now, ahead of they play out in entrance of a countrywide audience.

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