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By Touraj Atabaki

Political upheaval has marked Iran’s historical past through the 20th century. the rustic has been ravaged by way of international wars and the brutal Iran-Iraq struggle which expense tens of millions of lives. there has been a Constitutional Revolution in 1905-1909 and coups in 1921 and 1953, whilst Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi took absolute energy, by way of yet one more revolution in 1979 while Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed the Islamic Republic.

Wars, revolutions, coups and the effect of modernism have reworked strength family members one of the political and army elite and feature ended in radical political, social, cultural, non secular and alter all through kingdom and society. those upheavals have formed Iran’s historiography, simply as they've got the country’s heritage. initially according to oral and written assets, which underpinned conventional genealogical and dynastic heritage, Iran’s historiography was once reworked within the early twentieth century with the improvement of a ‘new’ institution of proposing heritage. the following emphasis shifted from the anecdotal story-telling style to social, political, monetary, cultural and non secular history-writing.

A new realizing of the country kingdom and the significance of identification and overseas kin in defining Iran’s position within the glossy global all served to rework the viewpoint of Iranian historiography.

Touraj Atabaki the following brings jointly a number wealthy contributions from overseas students who conceal the best topics of the historiography of 20th-century Iran, together with constitutional reform and revolution, literature and structure, identification, girls and gender, nationalism, modernism, Orientalism, Marxism and Islamism.

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